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Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage) Options Trading Strategy Comparison

Compare Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) and Box Spread (Arbitrage) options trading strategies. Find similarities and differences between Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) and Box Spread (Arbitrage) strategies. Find the best options trading strategy for your trading needs.

Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage)

  Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Logo Box Spread (Arbitrage) Logo
About Strategy The Protective Call strategy is a hedging strategy. In this strategy, a trader shorts position in the underlying asset (sell shares or sell futures) and buys an ATM Call Option to cover against the rise in the price of the underlying. This strategy is opposite of the Synthetic Call strategy. It is used when the trader is bearish on the underlying asset and would like to protect 'rise in the price' of the underlying asset. The risk is limited in the strategy while the rewards are unlimited. How to use a Protective Call trading strategy? The usual Protective Call Strategy looks like as below for State Bank of India (SBI) Shares which are currently traded at Rs 275 (SBI Spot Price): Protective Call Orders - SBI Stock Orde... Read More Box Spread (also known as Long Box) is an arbitrage strategy. It involves buying a Bull Call Spread (1 ITM and I OTM Call) together with the corresponding Bear Put Spread (1 ITM and 1 OTM Put), with both spreads having the same strike prices and expiration dates. The strategy is called Box Spread as it is combination of 2 spreads (4 trades) and the profit/loss calculated together as 1 trade. Note that the total cost of the box remain same irrespective to the price movement of underlying security in any direction. The expiration value of the box spread is actually the difference between the strike prices of the options involved. The Long Box strategy is opposite to Short Box strategy. It is used when the spreads are under-priced with respe... Read More
Market View Bearish Neutral
Strategy Level Beginners Advance
Options Type Call + Underlying Call + Put
Number of Positions 2 4
Risk Profile Limited None
Reward Profile Unlimited Limited
Breakeven Point Underlying Price - Call Premium

When and how to use Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) and Box Spread (Arbitrage)?

  Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Box Spread (Arbitrage)
When to use?

The Protective Call option strategy is used when you are bearish in market view and want to short shares to benefit from it. The strategy minimizes your risk in the event of prime movements going against your expectations.

Being risks free arbitrage strategy, this strategy can earn better return than earnings in interest from fixed deposits. The earning from this strategy varies with the strike price chosen by the trader. i.e. Earning from strike price '10400, 10700' will be different from strike price combination of '9800,11000'.

The long box strategy should be used when the component spreads are underpriced in relation to their expiration values. In most cases, the trader has to hold the position till expiry to gain the benefits of the price difference.

Note: If the spreads are overprices, another strategy named Short Box can be used for a profit.

This strategy should be used by advanced traders as the gains are minimal. The brokerage payable when implementing this strategy can take away all the profits. This strategy should only be implemented when the fees paid are lower than the expected profit.

Market View Bearish

When you are bearish on the underlying but want to protect the upside.

Neutral

The market view for this strategy is neutral. The movement in underlying security doesn't affect the outcome (profit/loss). This arbitrage strategy is to earn small profits irrespective of the market movements in any direction.

Action
  • Sell Underlying Stock or Future
  • Buy ATM Call Option

  • Buy Call Option 1
  • Sell Call Option 2
  • Buy Put Option 1
  • Sell Put Option 2 (2>1)

Say for XYZ stock, the component spreads are underpriced in relation to their expiration values. The trader could execute Long Box strategy by buying 1 ITM Call and 1 ITM Put while selling 1 OTM Call and 1 OTM Put. There is no risk of loss while the profit potential would be the difference between two strike prices minus net premium.

Breakeven Point Underlying Price - Call Premium

When the price of the underlying is equal to the total of the sale price of the underlying and premium paid.


Compare Risks and Rewards (Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage))

  Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Risks Limited

The maximum loss is limited to the premium paid for buying the Call option. It occurs when the price of the underlying is less than the strike price of Call Option.

Maximum Loss = Call Strike Price - Sale Price of Underlying + Premium Paid

None

The Box Spread Options Strategy is a relatively risk-free strategy. There is no risk in the overall position because the losses in one spread will be neutralized by the gains in the other spread.

The trades are also risk-free as they are executed on an exchange and therefore cleared and guaranteed by the exchange.

The small risks of this strategy include:

  1. The cost of trading - Some brokers charges high brokerage/fees, which along with the taxes could make the overall loss-making trade.
  2. The box spread can be liquidated by an offsetting transaction easily and transparently on an exchange with minimal loss/profit.
Rewards Unlimited

The maximum profit is unlimited in this strategy. The profit is dependent on the sale price of the underlying.

Profit = Sale Price of Underlying - Price of Underlying - Premium Paid

Limited

The reward in this strategy is the difference between the total cost of the box spread and its expiration value. Being an arbitrage strategy, the profits are very small.

It's an extremely low-risk options trading strategy.

Maximum Profit Scenario

Underlying goes down and Option not exercised

Maximum Loss Scenario

Underlying goes down and Option exercised

Pros & Cons or Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) and Box Spread (Arbitrage)

  Protective Call (Synthetic Long Put) Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Advantages

Minimizes the risk when entering into a short position while keeping the profit potential limited.

  1. This is an Arbitrage strategy. This strategy is to earn small profits with very little or zero risks.
Disadvantage

Premium paid for Call Option may eat into your profits.

  1. It's a professional strategy and not for retail investors. The opportunities are closely monitored by High-Frequency algorithms. These arbitrage opportunities are usually for the high-frequency algorithms and need large pools of money to make it worth it and usually with better brokerage commission schemes.
  2. This strategy has high margin maintenance requirements and in many cases, the trader won't have the margin available to do that.
  3. For retail investors, the brokerage commissions don't make this a viable strategy. Only low-fee traders can take advantage of this.
  4. In theory, this strategy sounds good but in reality, it may not as profits are small.
  5. Locking the box - Trader has to wait until to expiry by keeping the money stuck in the box.
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