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Collar Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage) Options Trading Strategy Comparison

Compare Collar and Box Spread (Arbitrage) options trading strategies. Find similarities and differences between Collar and Box Spread (Arbitrage) strategies. Find the best options trading strategy for your trading needs.

Collar Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage)

  Collar Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Collar Logo Box Spread (Arbitrage) Logo
About Strategy A Collar is similar to Covered Call but involves another position of buying a Put Option to cover the fall in the price of the underlying. It involves buying an ATM Put Option & selling an OTM Call Option of the underlying asset. It is a low risk strategy since the Put Option minimizes the downside risk. However, the rewards are also limited and is perfect for conservatively Bullish market view. Suppose you are holding shares of SBI currently trading at Rs 250. You can deploy a collar strategy by selling a Call Option of strike price Rs 300 while at the same time purchasing a Rs 200 strike price Put option. If the price rises to Rs 300, your benefit from increase in value of your holdings and you will lose net premiums. If the price falls... Read More Box Spread (also known as Long Box) is an arbitrage strategy. It involves buying a Bull Call Spread (1 ITM and I OTM Call) together with the corresponding Bear Put Spread (1 ITM and 1 OTM Put), with both spreads having the same strike prices and expiration dates. The strategy is called Box Spread as it is combination of 2 spreads (4 trades) and the profit/loss calculated together as 1 trade. Note that the total cost of the box remain same irrespective to the price movement of underlying security in any direction. The expiration value of the box spread is actually the difference between the strike prices of the options involved. The Long Box strategy is opposite to Short Box strategy. It is used when the spreads are under-priced with respe... Read More
Market View Bullish Neutral
Strategy Level Advance Advance
Options Type Call + Put + Underlying Call + Put
Number of Positions 3 4
Risk Profile Limited None
Reward Profile Limited Limited
Breakeven Point Price of Features - Call Premium + Put Premium

When and how to use Collar and Box Spread (Arbitrage)?

  Collar Box Spread (Arbitrage)
When to use?

The Collar strategy is perfect if you're Bullish for the underlying you're holding but are concerned with risk and want to protect your losses.

Being risks free arbitrage strategy, this strategy can earn better return than earnings in interest from fixed deposits. The earning from this strategy varies with the strike price chosen by the trader. i.e. Earning from strike price '10400, 10700' will be different from strike price combination of '9800,11000'.

The long box strategy should be used when the component spreads are underpriced in relation to their expiration values. In most cases, the trader has to hold the position till expiry to gain the benefits of the price difference.

Note: If the spreads are overprices, another strategy named Short Box can be used for a profit.

This strategy should be used by advanced traders as the gains are minimal. The brokerage payable when implementing this strategy can take away all the profits. This strategy should only be implemented when the fees paid are lower than the expected profit.

Market View Bullish

When you are of the view that the price of the underlying will move up but also want to protect the downside.

Neutral

The market view for this strategy is neutral. The movement in underlying security doesn't affect the outcome (profit/loss). This arbitrage strategy is to earn small profits irrespective of the market movements in any direction.

Action
  • Buy Underlying
  • Buy 1 ATM Put Option
  • Sell 1 OTM Call Option

  • Buy Call Option 1
  • Sell Call Option 2
  • Buy Put Option 1
  • Sell Put Option 2 (2>1)

Say for XYZ stock, the component spreads are underpriced in relation to their expiration values. The trader could execute Long Box strategy by buying 1 ITM Call and 1 ITM Put while selling 1 OTM Call and 1 OTM Put. There is no risk of loss while the profit potential would be the difference between two strike prices minus net premium.

Breakeven Point Price of Features - Call Premium + Put Premium

Compare Risks and Rewards (Collar Vs Box Spread (Arbitrage))

  Collar Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Risks Limited

You will incur maximum losses when price of the underlying is less than the strike price of the Put Option.

Max Loss = Purchase Price of Underlying - Strike Price of Long Put - Net Premium Received

None

The Box Spread Options Strategy is a relatively risk-free strategy. There is no risk in the overall position because the losses in one spread will be neutralized by the gains in the other spread.

The trades are also risk-free as they are executed on an exchange and therefore cleared and guaranteed by the exchange.

The small risks of this strategy include:

  1. The cost of trading - Some brokers charges high brokerage/fees, which along with the taxes could make the overall loss-making trade.
  2. The box spread can be liquidated by an offsetting transaction easily and transparently on an exchange with minimal loss/profit.
Rewards Limited

You will incur maximum profit when price of underlying is greater than the strike price of call option.

Max Profit = Strike Price of Short Call - Purchase Price of Underlying + Net Premium Received

Limited

The reward in this strategy is the difference between the total cost of the box spread and its expiration value. Being an arbitrage strategy, the profits are very small.

It's an extremely low-risk options trading strategy.

Maximum Profit Scenario

Underlying goes up and Call option exercised

Maximum Loss Scenario

Underlying goes down and Put option exercised

Pros & Cons or Collar and Box Spread (Arbitrage)

  Collar Box Spread (Arbitrage)
Advantages

It protects the losses on underlying asset.

  1. This is an Arbitrage strategy. This strategy is to earn small profits with very little or zero risks.
Disadvantage

The profit is limited

  1. It's a professional strategy and not for retail investors. The opportunities are closely monitored by High-Frequency algorithms. These arbitrage opportunities are usually for the high-frequency algorithms and need large pools of money to make it worth it and usually with better brokerage commission schemes.
  2. This strategy has high margin maintenance requirements and in many cases, the trader won't have the margin available to do that.
  3. For retail investors, the brokerage commissions don't make this a viable strategy. Only low-fee traders can take advantage of this.
  4. In theory, this strategy sounds good but in reality, it may not as profits are small.
  5. Locking the box - Trader has to wait until to expiry by keeping the money stuck in the box.
Simillar Strategies Covered Put Bull, Call Spread, Bull Put Spread







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