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Where to open a demat account?

Published on Monday, June 17, 2019 by Chittorgarh.com Team

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With stocks trading going completely online, it is a must for a trader to open a demat account along with trading account to trade in stock exchanges. Contrary to popular belief, a demat account is not opened by a stockbroker. Then who opens and manages a demat account? Read this article to know what is a demat account, its types and where to open a demat account.

FAQ's

  1. What Demat Account means?

    A demat account stands for a dematerialized account. It works as a personal locker for individual investors to store securities or shares in an electronic format.

    The demat account system was introduced in 1996 to take away the physical handling of shares related documents and certificates. If you want to invest or trade across securities in India, you are required to have the demat account first.

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  2. What are types of demat account?

    Demat account have mainly 4 types; which are:

    • Regular Demat Account

      A regular demat account is for investors residing in India. The shares purchased by investors are held in digital format in the account. In a regular demat account, there are no restrictions on the maximum value of securities held.

    • Basic Services Demat Account (BSDA)

      Recently, SEBI has also introduced the Basic Services Demat Account (BSDA) which is similar to a regular demat account with some variations. In BSDA, there are no account maintenance charges for investment up to Rs 50,000. Although, investment between Rs 50,001 and Rs 2,00,000 is charged at Rs 100 per annum. In any case, the maximum value of securities should not be greater than Rs 2 lakh to utilise benefits of BSDA account.

    • Repatriable Demat Account

      The Repatriable Demat Account is for Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) to hold securities in a dematerialized form. Although, NRI also requires a Non-Resident External (NRE) bank account along with Repatriable Demat Account. In a calendar year, NRI can transfer a maximum of USD 1 million of wealth abroad.

    • Non-Repatriable Demat Account

      This account is also for Non- Resident Indians (NRIs), but fund transfer to abroad is not allowed. NRI investors also require an NRO bank account linked with Non-Repatriable Demat Account to buy or sell securities.

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  3. What is CDSL and NSDL?

    Demat Account Central Depositories (NSDL and CDSL)

    Before the introduction of the Depository Act, 1966, the purchase and transfer of securities were done in physical form which was prone to losses due to theft, damage etc. Then online demat accounts were introduced to make trading online. Currently, there are two central depositories, which are NSDL and CDSL, in India, who open and manage demat accounts.

    The central depositories provide the services through their registered members called depository participants (DP). Every stock brokers need to be registered with NSDL or CDSL to provide depository or demat services.

    Any investor who wants to open a demat account needs to first approach a depository participant.

    • NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited)Incorporated in Nov 1996, it was the first central depository. NSDL was promoted by National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India Ltd, Unit Trust of India, and Industrial Development Bank of India. It is the largest depository in the country handling most of the securities in dematerialized form in the Indian capital market. With a network of around 272 Depository Participants (the stockbrokers), it provides a wide range of services to stock brokers, stock exchanges, issuer companies, custodians, and end investors.
    • CDSL (Central Depository Services Limited) Incorporated in Feb 1999, CDSL is the other central depository in India. It is promoted by Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) India, along with a Bank of Baroda, Axis Bank, Bank of India, State Bank of India, HDFC Bank, Union Bank of India, and Standard Chartered Bank. There are around 605 Depository Participants registered with CDSL to connect with the end users.

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  4. How Demat Account Works in India?

    As per SEBI guidelines, you cannot buy shares in physical forms at the exchanges. That means to buy or sell shares; you will need the dematerialized forms of the shares.

    Demat Account Process

    A Demat account process takes place in the following manner:

    • Every demat account has a unique ID to help the stock exchange credit or debit the securities from the right account.
    • When you place a buy request, the broker will take T+2 days to reflect the shares in your account. Within T+2 days, you will receive the shares in a dematerialised form in your demat account. This is an automatic process and you are not required to follow an additional process to complete them.
    • To sell the shares in your account, you need to place a Sell order. After successful execution of the order, the shares are debited from the demat account as per the settlement schedule of the exchange and the amount is credited in your linked bank account.

    You can access the demat account online and check whether the securities are accurately credited and debited.

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  5. Where to open a demat account in India?

    To open your Demat Account, you first need to select a Depository Participant(DP). Most stock brokers in India are also DP with either CDSL or NSDL.

    With most brokers going online, it has become easy and quick to open a demat account. Depending on the services provided by a stockbroker, a demat account can be opened in many ways:

    1. Instant Paperless Demat Account

      Many brokers like 5paisa and Zerodha these days offer instant online demat account facility wherein the account can be opened in 15 to 30 minutes. This service is available for customers who have Aadhar card with their current mobile number linked to it. Customers need to submit required documents in digital form, pay the fees online, the verification is done through a webcam and if all goes well, the account is opened instantly.

    2. Online Contact Form

      Some brokers have an online contact form on their websites. People who want to open a demat account need to fill in the form entering their name, email and mobile number etc. A company representative will then contact them to take forward the account opening process.

    3. Branch Visit

      Many brokers, especially full-service brokers have branch offices across their area of operations. These offices serve as customer service hubs wherein people can open demat accounts.

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  6. How demat account looks like?

    A demat account is an online account holding equity shares, ETFs, mutual funds, etc in electronic format.

    An individual can open a demat account with any Depository Participant (DP) who is a member of either CDSL or NSDL depository participants. Usually, all stockbrokers are DP's. They offer demat account along with the trading account.

    The sample statement of a customer Demat Account at CDSL looks like as below. It shows a customer has shares of 2 companies in his demat account; FDC Limited (900 shares) and L&T Finance Holdings limited (500 shares).

     

    Sample Demat Account Statement CDSL

     

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  7. How Demat Account Charges?

    Demat account is an online account for holding shares and mutual funds. The demat account is opened with a depository participant DP (usually the stockbroker). DP is a member of CDSL or NSDL, the central depositories who actually hold the demat accounts.

    For every transaction at Demat Account, the customer has to pay a fee to the DP. These fees vary by a broker to broker.

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  8. How many demat accounts can be opened?

    Demat account allows an investor to trade online and hold shares, mutual funds, etc. in electronic format.

    An individual or any other entity can open as many as demat accounts they want on their name. There is no limit on the number of accounts held by an individual or an entity like HUF, LLP, Pvt Ltd Company and trust.

    But one broker (depository participant) usually allows only 1 demat account per person.

    Thus, an individual can open 2 demat accounts with 2 different brokers.

    Note that multiple demat accounts should be only opened in case it is really required.

    Each demat account has an annual maintenance cost (AMC) which ranges between Rs 600 to Rs 1200 per year.

    More demat accounts are difficult to handle and monitor. As a limited power of attorney of demat account is given to the stockbroker for online trading, it raises the risk of misuse (intentional or accidental) of your demat account.

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