Stock Market Basics FAQ's

IPO Frequently Asked Question(s) provide answers to commonly asked questions about IPO's in Indian Stock Market. This IPO FAQ Category helps IPO investors for their better understanding of IPO's and to resolve their quires.

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1. Who is a broker?

A broker is a member of a stock exchange, who is permitted to do equity trades in there.  Broker is enrolled member of the exchange and is registered with SEBI.

In other word broker is an intermediate person (or a company) between an investor and a stock exchange. They buy & sell shares and other securities for investors in stock market.

Please note that an investor cannot direct deal with stock exchange.

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2. What is Securities Transaction Tax (STT)?

Securities Transaction Tax (STT) is a tax being levied on all transactions done on the stock exchanges.

Securities Transaction Tax is applicable on purchase or sale of equity shares, derivatives, equity oriented funds and equity oriented Mutual Funds.

Current STT on purchase or sell of an equity share is 0.075%.

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3. I have lost the share certificates I was holding for XYZ Company. How do I get duplicate share certificates?

Registrar of the company usually helps in resolving this kind of issues.

  1. If you know the registrar of the company, contact then with your quires.
  2. If you do not know the registrar of the company, visit ‘Investor Relations' section of the company's website or contact the company and ask them about the registrar handing their share.

For example:
If you lost Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) share certificates, contact:

Karvy Computershare Private Limited
46, Avenue 4, Street No. 1, Banjara Hills,
Hyderabad - 500 034.
E-Mail: Email
Tel: +91-40-23312454
Fax: +91-40-23311968

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4. What is Earnings Per Share EPS?

EPS is the post tax profits of the company divided by the number of shares issued by the company.
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5. What is P/E ratio?

In terms of an IPO, P/E is the issue price divided by the most recent Earning Per Share EPS. This ratio tells you if the issue is under-priced or over-priced vis-à-vis the industry P/E. All other things being equal, if the P/E of the company is less than the industry P/E then the issue is under-priced. If the P/E of the company is higher, then the issue is over-priced.
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6. What is ISIN Number?

ISIN (International Securities Identification Number) is a unique identification number for a security across universe.

Click here to find out more about ISIN Number.

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7. Can I transfer funds directly from my equity account to commodity account and vice versa?

None of the broker allows transferring fund between equity and commodity account as its being prohibited by SEBI and FMC Regulations.
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8. How is SENSEX decided?

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9. What is MID CAP?

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10. What is Future and Option?

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